wilayat faqih
Question : What is the opinion of his Eminence in regards to Wilayat al Faqih? Does he believe in absolute or limited Wilayat?
Answer : His eminence (may Allah prolong his life) does not believe in the absolute guardianship of the religious jurist.
Guardianship of Jurists
Question : What is a difference between Limited and Absolute Guardianship of the Jurist?
Answer : The Guardianship of the Jurist, commonly known as “Wilayat al-Faqeeh”, is one of the concepts that jurists differ upon; some believe that it is similar to that of the Prophet and the infallible Imams (peace be upon them all) except in rare situations. Others believe that it is limited to issuing verdicts and being a judge in disputes and nothing more, except in rare cases when the jurist is extremely confident that he has to take a certain position.
Between the above opinions, jurists differ in their understanding of the Guardianship of the Jurist in various levels, depending on their Ijtihad. The details are found in the specific jurisprudence books.
Wilayet Alfaqih
Question : 1) who is the Wilayat al-Faqih in these days?
2) Is it obligatory to do taqleed of the Wali al-Faqih?
3) If someone does taqleed of a marja other than the wali al-faqih and in a particular issue the fatwas of both differ, what is the duty of the moqallid? Can he follow his marja, or does he have to follow the Wilayat al-Faqih?
Answer : Wilayat al faqih is a branch issue that religious jurists did not agree on. The individual should choose the most knowledgeable jurist that is described with all necessary conditions for imitation - Taqleed.
If determining the right religious jurist (Merji) was based on religious evidence then the individual should follow the verdicts of the chosen jurist whether this jurist believes in the issue of wilayat al faqih or does not.