Distribution of Inheritance
Question :

My paternal uncle passed away recently. He did not have any children of his own, and none of his brothers and sisters are alive either. He does have nephews and nieces, including us. He has five nieces (myself and my sisters) from one brother, two nephews and a niece from another brother, and two nephews and three nieces from a sister. How will the inheritance be divided?

Answer :

The inheritance is divided into five shares: two shares for you and your sisters equally, two shares for the offspring of your uncle, the males receiving twice as much as the females, and one share for the offspring of your aunt, the males receiving twice as much as the females.

Reciting Al-Fatiha in the Third Raka'a
Question :

If the imam of the congregational prayers is in the third or fourth Raka'ah and decided to recite Suratul-Fatihah, do we have to follow him in reciting Suratul-Fatihah, or can we choose to recite Tasbihaat?

Answer :

It is permissible to recite Tasbihaat three times or recite the Al-Fatihah. If the latter is chosen, the Bismillah should be recited silently during the mentioned Raka'ahs.

Adding a Rak'ah by Mistake
Question :

I performed four rak’ah of prayers instead of three for the Maghrib prayer, by mistake. Is there a way to rectify my prayer, or must I offer the prayer again?

Answer :

Your prayer is invalid in this case and you are obligated to perform it again correctly.

Evidence of the Imam
Question :

Is there any evidence of our Twelfth Imam (peace be upon him) in the Quran?

Answer :

It is not correct to expect to have evidences of beliefs from the Holy Quran explicitly and in clear text form. It is clear that the Prophet (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) is perfect and infallible. In addition to that, Allah explicitly declared that he “he does not speak of (his own) desire” (53:3). Because of this the Muslims believe in all that is established to be the Prophet’s words. And we find traditions of the Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) in the Muslims’ books about Imam Mahdi (peace be upon him) and that he is from the offspring of Imam Husain (peace be upon him).

Masturbation
Question :

What is the ruling of the person who misunderstood the ruling of masturbating and had complete faith that masturbating during the fast was appropriate according to the Islamic laws? Does he have to fast again?

Answer :

Masturbation is prohibited at all times, and invalidates the fast if the semen is ejaculated. However, if he sees that it is permissible in the Sharia mistakenly then this does not invalidate the fast even if ejaculation takes place.

Muta
Question :

I got married to a woman by way of temporary marriage, and the woman recited the following formula: "Jawwaztuka Nafsi fee muddatil ... ala Mahr ... ", and I replied: "Qabiltu." Is this sufficient?

Answer :

The said marriage contract is valid.

Najis Part of Ghusl
Question :

If after finishing ghusl, I remember that my leg was najis before I started ghusl, will I have to repeat the ghusl again completely? Is it sufficient to make only my leg tahir and wash that part only with the intention of ghusl?

Answer :

It is sufficient to purify your leg and wash it, with the intention of ghusl.

Following the Marja in All Matters
Question :

If I am in the taqlīd of a certain marja, should I follow him only on Sharia matters or all matters?

Answer :

It is obligatory on the individual to refer to the marja in learning about the religious rulings and implementing them in the matters of his worships, dealings, family relations and relations with other people, since the sharia has rulings and guidance for all issues that one could run into.
In other aspects of life, the marja is referred to as an advisor since he has knowledge on the Holy Quran and the teachings of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them).

Khula Payment
Question :

If the husband agreed to a khula divorce and then he said that he did not want any payment, will the khula be in order?

Answer :

It is a condition in the khula divorce that the wife pays her husband in return for getting a divorce from him. Without such payment, a regular type of divorce must take place instead.

Khula Divorce
Question :

Is it necessary for the Khula divorce to be in Arabic?

Answer :

Divorce is not correct if it is not in the Arabic language, except if it is not possible to pronounce the divorce formula in Arabic.

Not fasting for Many Years
Question :

I have not fasted during the month of Ramadan for many years deliberately. Is there a way I can repent for this and be forgiven?

Answer :

Fasting is among the obligatory pillars that Islam was built upon. Not performing it is amongst the big sins for which Almighty Allah has threatened to punish with hellfire. However, Almighty Allah has also opened the doors of mercy for his slaves when he said: "Say: O My slaves who have wronged their own selves! Despair not of the mercy of Allah, Who forgives all sins. Lo! He is the Forgiving, the Merciful." (53:39). We ask Almighty Allah to forgive all believers and bless us all.
However, alongside this, it is obligatory to make up for all the fasts missed, as well as undertaking the Kaffara and paying the Fidya, as explained in detailed in the treatise of Islamic laws.

Sequence in Tayammum
Question :

If one wiped his hands before his face in tayammum, is it still correct?

Answer :

No, it is not correct, as the sequence within tayammum is necessary. In order to correct the sequence, one can repeat wiping the hands after wiping the face.

The Intention of Tayammum
Question :

Is the intention required in the tayammum?

Answer :

Yes, it is necessary in validity of tayammum to make the intention to get closer to Almighty Allah.

Following the Most Knowledgeable
Question :

Is it necessary to follow the most knowledgeable religious scholar?

Answer :

Yes, it is obligatory to follow the most knowledgeable Mujtahid.

The Difference Between the Verdicts
Question :

If one is not aware of the differences between marja's opinions on a particular ruling, and does not know the verdict of his own marja, can he follow the edict of another marja'?

Answer :

If one is aware that there are differences between the maraja's in the rulings that affect him, which is usually the case, then he must observe precaution. Since this is not practical for many to do so, he must find the most knowledgeable from them and follow him.

Wiping the Head
Question :

I have heard that, during wudhu, I have to wipe until three centimeters before my hairline. Is this true?

Answer :

There is no precise limit for wiping, but it is sufficient that the wetness on the hand is not mixed with the wetness in other parts of the wudhu.

The Elbow on the Ground
Question :

While doing the prostration in a prayer, is it prohibited or disliked (makrooh) to touch the elbow on the ground?

Answer :

It is permissible and not disliked.

Prayer in Usurped Area
Question :

I offered the prayer in an usurped place without knowing that it is actually usurped. Is my prayer valid?

Answer :

Yes, it is valid provided that other conditions of the prayer are fulfilled, such as the intention of seeking closeness to Almighty Allah.

The Father
Question :

If a woman has conceived a child before marriage and she marries the same man whose child she is bearing, what will be the ruling about the child?

Answer :

The said child is that of the father by whose sperm he was conceived, as well as being the mother's child. The child belongs to both of them, but does not inherit the father as he was born illegitimately.

The Father
Question :

If a woman has conceived a child before marriage and she marries the same man whose child she is bearing, what will be the ruling about the child?

Answer :

The said child is that of the father by whose sperm he was conceived, as well as being the mother's child. The child belongs to both of them, but does not inherit the father as he was born illegitimately.